South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most white and coloured South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.
South African wine has a history dating back to 1659 with Constantia, a vineyard near Cape Town, being considered one of the greatest wines in the world. Access to international markets has unleashed a burst of new energy and new investment. Production is concentrated around Cape Town, with major vineyard and production centres at Paarl, Stellenbosch and Worcester. There are about 60 appellations within the Wine of Origin (WO) system, which was implemented in 1973 with a hierarchy of designated production regions, districts and wards. WO wines must be made 100% from grapes from the designated area. "Single vineyard" wines must come from a defined area of less than 5 hectares. An "Estate Wine" can come from adjacent farms, as long as they are farmed together and wine is produced on site. A ward is an area with a distinctive soil type or climate, and is roughly equivalent to a European appellation.
The roots of the South African wine industry can be traced to the explorations of the Dutch East India Company which established a supply station in what is now Cape Town. A Dutch surgeon, Jan van Riebeeck, was given the task of managing the station and planting vineyards to produce wines and grapes intended to ward off scurvy amongst sailors during their voyages along the spice route. The first harvest and crushing took place in 1659, seven years after landing in 1652. The man succeeding Van Riebeeck as governor of the Cape of Good Hope, Simon van der Stel, sought to improve the quality of viticulture in the region. In 1685, Van der Stel purchased a large 750 hectares (1,900 acres) estate just outside Cape Town, establishing the Constantia wine estate. After Van der Stel's death, the estate fell into disrepair but was revived in 1778 when it was purchased by Hendrik Cloete.
In 1911 eight tender locomotives with a 2-8-0 Consolidation type wheel arrangement were placed in service by the Lüderitzbucht Eisenbahn (Lüderitzbucht Railway) in Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika (German South West Africa). After the First World War the territory came under South African administration and all eight locomotives came onto the roster of the South African Railways. They were not classified or renumbered but were referred to as the Eight-Coupled Tenders.
In 1911 eight Cape Gauge tender locomotives with a 2-8-0 wheel arrangement were delivered to the Lüderitzbucht Eisenbahn in Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika (now Namibia). They were built by Orenstein & Koppel between February and April 1911 and numbered in the range from 151 to 158. These locomotives had larger boilers than the Eight-Coupled Tank locomotives that were delivered from the same manufacturer between 1907 and 1910, but their cylinders, frames and motion were interchangeable with those of the tank engines. The locomotives were equipped with dust shields over the coupled wheels and valve gear to protect the moving parts from blown sand in the Namib desert.
The news also means that Zebre, the Scarlets and Cardiff will play in SouthAfrica on those weekends, with the South African sides back on home soil after five rounds of away games in Europe. "This is a brilliant result, not only for the South African teams but for the league ...
At the time of writing, destinations ranging from Germany to Mexico allow SouthAfricans to visit ... According to Henley’s latest index, South Africans are fully visa-free for 62 countries ... South Africans can get a VoA at 27 destinations, according to Henley’s latest index.
Johannesburg, (UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 15th Oct, 2021 ) .SouthAfrica will begin vaccinating children as ... Under South African law, children aged 12 and up can give their own consent for medical treatment, meaning they don't need parental permission to get the vaccine.
SouthAfrican special forces ...Johannesburg, (APP - UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 15th Oct, 2021 ) .South African special forces freed two government ministers held hostage by veterans demanding compensation for their role in the fight against apartheid, officials said Friday.
LONDON, Oct 15 (Reuters Breakingviews) - Sliding into Ivan Glasenberg’s shoes was never going to be easy ... With that roadmap largely laid out by his SouthAfrican compatriot, he needs something different to make his mark ... CONTEXT NEWS. - Gary Nagle became chief executive of Glencore on July 1, replacing fellow South African Ivan Glasenberg ... ....
Earlier this month, SouthAfricans were shocked when news reports surfaced that media personality Boity Thulo and radio DJ Bujy Bikwa were involved in a physical altercation, at a hotel in Johannesburg... Bujy’s, along with many other prominent gay men in South Africa's, entertainment has made it clear that queer people aren’t their audience.
DURBAN - Two SouthAfricans are among four suspects who were arrested for robbery in Botswana on Wednesday ...Once news of the robbery reached South Africans twitter was abuzz. One Twitter user said the South Africans thought they could try cash-in-transit robberies in a neighbouring country like they did here and get away with it.
Like many of my fellow SouthAfricans, I’m relieved by the news that Eskom’s latest round of power cuts is — for now — over, allegedly until the local government elections on 1 November are done and dusted ... delivered to readers the most important, unbiased stories in South Africa.
He made the remarks while on a whirlwind campaign tour in the Mhlabathini area in Greytown... While joking with them about the issues of alcohol, he then broke the news that there is a likelihood alcohol would not be sold on the day SouthAfricans will vote for the best candidates to govern their local government sphere. Video ... email@example.com.