South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most white and coloured South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.
South African wine has a history dating back to 1659 with Constantia, a vineyard near Cape Town, being considered one of the greatest wines in the world. Access to international markets has unleashed a burst of new energy and new investment. Production is concentrated around Cape Town, with major vineyard and production centres at Paarl, Stellenbosch and Worcester. There are about 60 appellations within the Wine of Origin (WO) system, which was implemented in 1973 with a hierarchy of designated production regions, districts and wards. WO wines must be made 100% from grapes from the designated area. "Single vineyard" wines must come from a defined area of less than 5 hectares. An "Estate Wine" can come from adjacent farms, as long as they are farmed together and wine is produced on site. A ward is an area with a distinctive soil type or climate, and is roughly equivalent to a European appellation.
The roots of the South African wine industry can be traced to the explorations of the Dutch East India Company which established a supply station in what is now Cape Town. A Dutch surgeon, Jan van Riebeeck, was given the task of managing the station and planting vineyards to produce wines and grapes intended to ward off scurvy amongst sailors during their voyages along the spice route. The first harvest and crushing took place in 1659, seven years after landing in 1652. The man succeeding Van Riebeeck as governor of the Cape of Good Hope, Simon van der Stel, sought to improve the quality of viticulture in the region. In 1685, Van der Stel purchased a large 750 hectares (1,900 acres) estate just outside Cape Town, establishing the Constantia wine estate. After Van der Stel's death, the estate fell into disrepair but was revived in 1778 when it was purchased by Hendrik Cloete.
In 1911 eight tender locomotives with a 2-8-0 Consolidation type wheel arrangement were placed in service by the Lüderitzbucht Eisenbahn (Lüderitzbucht Railway) in Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika (German South West Africa). After the First World War the territory came under South African administration and all eight locomotives came onto the roster of the South African Railways. They were not classified or renumbered but were referred to as the Eight-Coupled Tenders.
In 1911 eight Cape Gauge tender locomotives with a 2-8-0 wheel arrangement were delivered to the Lüderitzbucht Eisenbahn in Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika (now Namibia). They were built by Orenstein & Koppel between February and April 1911 and numbered in the range from 151 to 158. These locomotives had larger boilers than the Eight-Coupled Tank locomotives that were delivered from the same manufacturer between 1907 and 1910, but their cylinders, frames and motion were interchangeable with those of the tank engines. The locomotives were equipped with dust shields over the coupled wheels and valve gear to protect the moving parts from blown sand in the Namib desert.
Meanwhile, in a related story, a 15-year-old SouthAfrican student, who was assaulted by her fellow mates in school, reportedly took her own life after the video of the bullying incident went viral, local news outlet TimesLIVE reported ... The South African Human Rights Commission ...
... detail to accompany his nephew, ZuluKing Misuzulu kaZwelithini, to SouthAfrica ... “He should use that wealth to hire a private security firm to ensure his safety if he feels that the security provided by the South AfricanPoliceService is not enough ... African NewsAgency (ANA) .
Pretoria – Tashinga Nyasha Masimire, the 33-year-old man arrested for allegedly attempting to smuggle 23 pieces of gold worth R11 million into SouthAfrica from Zimbabwe, was granted R100000 bail on Monday ... The suspect was granted R100 000 bail with stringent conditions,” Nkwalase told AfricanNewsAgency in Pretoria.
A few days ago the CDC released information that about 8% of people who have received the first of the two shots for either the Pfizer or Moderna mRNA vaccine have not gotten the second one on time ... Several news articles appeared after the CDC announcement ... We are still in the evolving stage ... and SouthAfrican variants ... At a recent news conference, Dr.
The 11 SouthAfricans, who participated in the league, have already left for Johannesburg... a news conference ... Smith also lauded the effort made by the BCCI to ensure the safe departure for all the South African players, who would be back home by Friday and undergo home quarantine.
JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA – While the world’s attention focused on the trial of former Minnesota police officer Derek Chauvin for the murder of George Floyd, news filtered out of Honolulu on the 14th of April that a SouthAfrican national had been fatally shot following an encounter with police.
(Henk Kruger/AfricanNewsAgency via AP, Pool) Henk Kruger ... The royal couple were on the third day of their African tour. (Henk Kruger/African News Agency via AP, Pool) Henk Kruger ... (Henk Kruger/African News Agency via AP, Pool, File) Henk Kruger ... 25, 2019, during their African tour. (Henk Kruger/African News Agency via AP, Pool) Henk Kruger.
With the news of a new Covid-19 variant circulating in India possibly having made it through SouthAfrican ports of entry, scientists say it is too soon for citizens to panic ... The J&J vaccine has been granted registration with conditions by the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority for its use in the implementation study.
Reportedly, news cases with Brazil and SouthAfrican variant have also erupted in the US Moderna’s booster shot of its other vaccine dubbed mRNA-1273.351 delivered a better immune response over the existing vaccine ... However, the new booster has a higher response than the original vaccine against the South African variant.
The suspect was reportedly caught by other teaching staff while trying to flee ...Secretary Els Themba said ... The Congress of SouthAfrican Students joined the union in condemning the stabbing. Speaking to PretoriaNews yesterday, spokesperson DouglasNgobeni said the teacher should be dismissed with immediate effect ... Pretoria News .