South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most white and coloured South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.
South African wine has a history dating back to 1659 with Constantia, a vineyard near Cape Town, being considered one of the greatest wines in the world. Access to international markets has unleashed a burst of new energy and new investment. Production is concentrated around Cape Town, with major vineyard and production centres at Paarl, Stellenbosch and Worcester. There are about 60 appellations within the Wine of Origin (WO) system, which was implemented in 1973 with a hierarchy of designated production regions, districts and wards. WO wines must be made 100% from grapes from the designated area. "Single vineyard" wines must come from a defined area of less than 5 hectares. An "Estate Wine" can come from adjacent farms, as long as they are farmed together and wine is produced on site. A ward is an area with a distinctive soil type or climate, and is roughly equivalent to a European appellation.
The roots of the South African wine industry can be traced to the explorations of the Dutch East India Company which established a supply station in what is now Cape Town. A Dutch surgeon, Jan van Riebeeck, was given the task of managing the station and planting vineyards to produce wines and grapes intended to ward off scurvy amongst sailors during their voyages along the spice route. The first harvest and crushing took place in 1659, seven years after landing in 1652. The man succeeding Van Riebeeck as governor of the Cape of Good Hope, Simon van der Stel, sought to improve the quality of viticulture in the region. In 1685, Van der Stel purchased a large 750 hectares (1,900 acres) estate just outside Cape Town, establishing the Constantia wine estate. After Van der Stel's death, the estate fell into disrepair but was revived in 1778 when it was purchased by Hendrik Cloete.
In 1911 eight tender locomotives with a 2-8-0 Consolidation type wheel arrangement were placed in service by the Lüderitzbucht Eisenbahn (Lüderitzbucht Railway) in Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika (German South West Africa). After the First World War the territory came under South African administration and all eight locomotives came onto the roster of the South African Railways. They were not classified or renumbered but were referred to as the Eight-Coupled Tenders.
In 1911 eight Cape Gauge tender locomotives with a 2-8-0 wheel arrangement were delivered to the Lüderitzbucht Eisenbahn in Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika (now Namibia). They were built by Orenstein & Koppel between February and April 1911 and numbered in the range from 151 to 158. These locomotives had larger boilers than the Eight-Coupled Tank locomotives that were delivered from the same manufacturer between 1907 and 1910, but their cylinders, frames and motion were interchangeable with those of the tank engines. The locomotives were equipped with dust shields over the coupled wheels and valve gear to protect the moving parts from blown sand in the Namib desert.
More than 12.1 million SouthAfricans have been vaccinated against Covid-19 and of those, 8.3 million were fully inoculated by Sunday afternoon, says the NationalDepartment of Health... “So, it is mere fake news that now there is somebody who want to kill South Africans using any vaccine for that matter.
“I was playing a character who had spent 10 years in SouthAfrica, and when I got the role I called my friend who is South African and I said, ‘OK, I want to come in with a strong South African accent ... ‘Well, did they tell you should have a South African accent?’ And I said, ‘No.
... the party registers the correct candidates with the Electoral Commission of SouthAfrica (IEC) ... This is a reality all South Africans must contend with. We cannot rely on word-of-mouth reviews from people we see only on the campaign trail or in the news for matters of corruption.
prison where he reportedly spent “sixty-one days in solitary confinement.” The developer’s release was prompted by the failure of SouthAfrican authorities “to make a timely submission in support of an extradition request.” South African Government Fails to Submit Extradition Documents.
“The reality of the matter is, if anyone wanted to kill SouthAfricans using a vaccine, they could have achieved that long ago. So, it is mere fake news that now there is somebody who wants to kill South Africans using any vaccine for that matter.
Johannesburg, Sept 22 (UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 22nd Sep, 2021 ) .A SouthAfrican corruption watchdog on Wednesday warned that whistleblowers face hostility and threats on their lives, a month after the murder of a health official who exposed coronavirus-linked graft shook the country.
Ayanda Ndamane/AfricanNewsAgency(ANA)Kenilworth resident Agnes Bezuidenhoudt, fondly referred to as Ma Agnes, celebrated her 100th birthday on Monday ... Ayanda Ndamane/African News Agency(ANA) ... Ayanda Ndamane/African News Agency(ANA)Kenilworth resident Agnes Bezuidenhoudt, fondly referred to as Ma Agnes celebrating her 100th birthday today.